Primitive Dogs
(Canaan Dog, Australian Dingo, New Guinea Singing Dog, Telomian, Basenji, Africanis)
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Serveral types of primitive dogs have developed in different parts of the world. Here follows a list of the primitive dogs with the country of origin.

For more information about their history and origin, see our article about primitive and pariah dogs
Canaan Dog (Israel): 
Local pariah dogs that had developed and lived as strays on the fringes of Bedouin encampments and as feral dogs in the open, desert areas, for hundreds of years. They gained recognition as a breed through the work of Dr. Rudolphina Menzel, who started a breeding program to develop a local working dog breed in the 1930's. Some of the dogs from her breeding program were trained as guard, as mine detection dogs or as guide dogs for the blind. In 1966 the breed gained official international recognition (of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale) and the 60's saw the first Canaan Dogs exported to the US and Europe.

Basenji (Africa)
The Basenji, literally "little wild thing" is a spitz-type, fox terrier-sized dog with an astonishing sense of smell, sight and sound.


Telomian
The Telomians carry many similarities to the Basenji and other pariah dogs: light square body structure, annual estrus cycle, and typical howling. They take their name from the Telom River in the jungles of Malaysia, their natural habitat. Because of their geographical origin, they are sometimes considered the 'missing link' between the African Basenji and the Australian Dingo.
More about the Telomian >>

New Guinea Singing Dog
Unfortunately for this breed on the verge of extinction, the New Guinea Singing Dog's taxonomic status in not very clear.

They were long considered a unique species,  canis hallstromi. Then, in 1969 they were grouped with the Australian Dingo as a feral wild (wild-living) subspecies of the domestic dog. As a result they were no longer protected by wildlife enthusiasts and traditional conservation organizations, but remained too wild a canid to develop as a popular pet dog. Most zoos also stopped breeding them, and their captive population has subsequently declined.

The New Guinea Singing Dog Conservation Society, a not-for-profit organization to promote NGSD conservation both in the wild and in captivity, funds non-invasive research on NGSDs and promotes the breeding of documented NGSDs. They encourages NGSD owners to participate in research by donating NGSD blood and other samples for DNA analysis and sharing medical information.


Carolina Dog (S.E. United States)
Looking like a smaller version of the Australian Dingo, this ancient feral breed is still living wild in the remote lowland swamp and woodland areas of the southeastern United States. Read more...


Dingo (Australia)
The Australian Native dog, also known as Warrigal, is usually yellow-ginger in color and, unlike wolves and other canids, rarely hunts in packs.


Africanis (Bantu Dog, South African Pariah Dog)
(South Africa - Natal area)
Described as looking like a cross between a greyhound and a Dingo. It is believed to descend from the dogs pictured on Egyptian murals, the earliest record of the domestic dog in Africa being from the Nile delta, dated 4700 BC. Today, Africanis is found all over the Southern African subcontinent. It is known by various names, in different languages.

Actually, the Africanis is a Eurocentric (created) concept that is not recognized by indigenous peoples. The umbrella term 'Africanis' in fact includes various strains that are recognized as distinct types by traditional Africans. By throwing all of these unique types, like the
Sicha, i-Twina, i-Nja iSintu, etc. under the umbrella of Africanis many of these traditional types are put at risk of losing their genetic uniqueness and will eventually disappear.

For other primitive dogs, see pariah dogs >>
References:

The Carolina Dog Association
Israel Nature Reserves and National Parks Authority - Report on the Canaan Dog
Corbet, L.K. The Dingo in Australia and Asia. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 1995.
Strahan, R. (Ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, NSW: Reed Books, 1995.
Sian Hall, Dogs of Africa. Sian Hall, 2003.

Telomian by Breeds of Dogs
The New Guinea Singing Dog Conservation Society
Recommended Reading
Canaan dog
Canaan Dog
(Complete Handbook)
(Hardcover)
by Lee Boyd, (Author), Victor Kaftal (Author)
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Israel Canaan Dog
The Israel Canaan Dog
by Myrna Shiboleth (Author)
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