Breeding Levels, Titles
The Rottweiler breed being of German origin pedigrees and references often use German terminology to describe the quality of the dogs. A common criteria used are the 'breeding levels', which can be of 5 types:
Kör- und Leistungszucht: both parents are "gekört" (see further) and grandparents have a training title (at least Schutzhund I)
Körzucht: both parents are "gekört".
Leistungszucht: both parents and grandparents have Schutzhund titles.
Gebrauchshundezucht: both parents have Schutzhund titles.
Einfachzucht or Einfache Zucht: (NOT Einfachtzucht, as can sometimes be read in English sources) only one of the parents has a Schutzhund title.
Gekört means declared suitable for breeding. The "Körung" is valid for two years. It is subject to revision and to be accepted to the Körung dogs and bitches must satisfy follwing criteria:
- for the dog:
- be at least 36 months old;
- must have passed SchH III or IPO III
- must have passed the BH, Traffic Sureness Test, which includes obedience and temperament test
- for the bitch:
- be at least 30 months old;
- must have passed the SchH I or IPO I
Both dog and bitch must have passed the Breed Suitability Test ("Zuchttauglichkeitsprüfung").
The United States Rottweiler Club (USRC) calls this test the BST and the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub (ADRK) calls the test the Ztp. In the confirmation part of the test, the dog is measured, weighed and compared to the FCI Standard by a qualified international judge (usually an ADRK or FCI judge), followed by a short obedience routine. Part of the test is to measure the dog's reaction when firing gunshots. If the dog shows any reaction, it must recover right away. The character part of the test is similar to the SchH I protection routine.
If a dog doesn't pass the confirmation part he may never be retested. If he fails the second part (character) of the test, he is granted one more attempt.
Further required are a passing hip evaluation from a recognized body and show ratings of excellent ("vorzüglich") or very good ("sehr gut").
Schutzhund: is a German dog sport, with three competitive levels (SchH I, SchH II, SchH III), SchH I being the first title and SchH III the most advanced. The purpose of Schutzhund is to identify dogs that have or do not have the character traits required for the demanding jobs like police work, bomb detection, search and rescue, and many others. Some of those traits tested are:
Schutzhund training tests these traits. It also tests physical traits such as strength, endurance, agility, and scenting ability. The goal of Schutzhund is to illuminate the character of a dog through training. Breeders can use this insight to determine how and whether to use the dog in producing the next generation of working dogs.
The sport includes three phases: obedience, tracking and protection. A dog must pass all three phases in one trial to be awarded a schutzhund title. Each phase is judged on a 100-point scale. The minimum passing score is 70. At any time the judge may dismiss a dog for showing poor temperament, including fear or aggression.
- Strong desire to work
- Strong bond to the handler
In 2004 the VDH, the all breed kennel club of Germany, changed the name of the titles from "SchH" (Schutzhund) to "VPG" (Vielseitigkeitsprüfung für Gebrauchshunde which roughly translates Versatility examination for working dogs). The SV, the German Shepherd Dog Club of Germany (which has the most powerful influence on the sport) has retained the "SchH" title names, but otherwise conforms to the VDH/FCI rules.
Without Schutzhund, the working ability of most working breeds would quickly deteriorate and it would be difficult to find suitable dogs for police work, bomb detection, or search and rescue, as police departments and many other organizations using working dogs do not allow their dogs to breed, so the only breeding stock for these working dogs are dogs developped through Schutzhund.
Photos, unless otherwise stated, courtesy of Camilla, Yengol's Rottweiler, Sweden.
© C. Marien-de Luca for Bulldog Information 2003-2005. All rights reserved.
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